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Pregnancy Diet Chart

Vitamins
Vitamins Source Effects on the pregnant mother and fetus
Calcium

Milk, cheese, Yogurt

Needed for the healthy development of your baby’s bones and teeth

Copper

Liver

Deficiency causes Anemia

Iodine

Iodized salt, sea fish

Effects the working of the thyroid hormone, can cause short

Iron

Leafy vegetables, yeast, eggs, liver

Iron is needed to fuel hemoglobin production for you and your baby. Iron also helps build bones and teeth and the growth of brain and veins. A shortage of iron can cause anemia.

Manganese

Beans, cereals, nuts

Growth in babies, 

Potassium

Fish, Dried fruits (such as dates)

Deficiency can cause allergies, disease and weakness of the muscles and veins

Zinc

Leafy vegetables, pulses, yeast, cheese, shellfish

Effects reproductive ability of male babies, growth of babies brain and eyes.

Minerals
Minerals Source Effects on the pregnant mother and fetus
Vitamin A

Fish liver oils, butter, cheese, ghee, milk, eggs, all green vegetables, carrots

Needed for growth in babies, and for health of moist tissues such as eyes and lungs.

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)

Wheat germ, Dried yeast, rice polishing, whole cereals, pork

Nausea in pregnant women

Vitamin B2(Riboflavin)

Liver, egg white, Legumes (pulses) and lentils (dhals), leafy vegetables

Deficiency can cause poor vision, birth deformities, eczema (a skin ailment) for the baby. 

Vitamin B6(Pyroxidine)

Yeast, liver, cereals, pulses, milk 

It is needed for proper utilisation of protein. Shortage can cause fits in babies.

Folic Acid 

Leafy vegetables, liver, yeast

Folic acid is needed for making of blood. Deficiency can cause anemia in expectant mothers, miscarriage and early delivery and is associated with neural tube defects (defects of the spine, brain, or their coverings) and other birth defects like cleft lip and congenital heart disease.

Vitamin C

Citrus fruits (lemon, orange), gooseberry, guava

Help to build a strong placenta and resist infections. A deficiency can cause viral infections, abortion

Vitamin E

Wheat germ oil, corn germ oil, vegetable oils, nuts, cereals

Essential for normal reproduction. Effects the growth of muscles and the availability of oxygen to the baby.

Vitamin K

Curd, leafy vegetables, liver

Needed for normal clotting of blood. Inadequate intake of vitamin K by the mother may cause hemorrhagic disease of the new born. The deficiency is rare but if it occurs, the result may be severe bleeding.

 

Sources..

www.parentingnation.in

www.babycenter.in

www.diethealthclub.com

Pregnancy Diet Chart